English for beginners.

Beginner Dialogues – Introducing Yourself

Introductions

  1. Hello. My name’s Peter. What’s your name?
    1. Janet.
    2. Where are you from Janet?
    3. I’m fromSeattle. Where are you from?
    4. I’m fromMadrid.
    5. Are you American?
    6. Yes, I am. Are you Spanish?
    7. Yes I am.

Key Vocabulary

My name is…
What’s (is) your name …
Where are you from?
I’m from… Are you (Spanish, American, German, etc.)

Hello and Goodbye – Three Short Conversations

Hello

  1. Hello, Peter. How are you?
    1. Fine, thanks. How are you?
    2. I’m fine, thank you.

Goodbye

  1. Goodbye, Janet. See you tomorrow!
    1. Bye bye, Peter. Have a nice evening.
    2. Thanks, you too!
    3. Thanks.

Key Vocabulary

Hello… How are you?
I’m fine, – OK, – well, thank you
Goodbye, – bye bye
See you tomorrow
Have a nice evening, – day

 

Beginner Dialogues – Telling the Time

What time is it? – I

  1. Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please?
    1. Yes, of course. It’s seven o’clock.
    2. Thank you.
    3. No problem.

What time is it? – II

  1. What time is it?
    1. It’s half past three.
    2. Thanks.
    3. You’re welcome.

Key Vocabulary

Excuse me.
Can you tell me the time, please?
What time is it?
It’s half past…
It’s quarter past…
It’s ten to…
It’s quarter to…
o’clock

 

Beginner Dialogues – In a Shop

Shopping for a Sweater

  1. Can I help you?
    1. Yes, I’m looking for a sweater.
    2. What size are you?
    3. I’m an extra large.
    4. How about this one?
    5. Yes, that’s nice. Can I try it on?
    6. Certainly, there’s the changing rooms over there.
    7. Thank you.
    8. How does it fit?
    9. It’s too large. Do you have a large?
    10. Yes, here you are.
    11. Thank you. I’ll have it, please.
    12. OK, how would you like to pay?
    13. Do you take credit cards?
    14. Yes, we do. Visa, Master Card and American Express.
    15. OK, here’s my Visa.
    16. Thank you. Have a nice day!
    17. Thank you, goodbye.

Key Vocabulary

Can I help you?
Can I try it (them) on?
size – extra small, small, medium, large, extra large
How does it fit?
changing rooms
How would you like to pay?
credit cards


Beginner Dialogues – At the Airport

Checking In

  1. Good morning. Can I have your ticket, please?
    1. Here you are.
    2. Thank you. Would you like smoking or non-smoking?
    3. Non-smoking, please.
    4. Would you like a window or an aisle seat?
    5. An aisle seat, please.
    6. Do you have any baggage?
    7. Yes, this suitcase and this carry-on bag.
    8. Here’s your boarding pass. Have a nice flight.
    9. Thank you.

Passport Control

  1. Good morning. Can I see your passport?
    1. Here you are.
    2. Thank you very much. Are you a tourist or on business?
    3. I’m a tourist.
    4. That’s fine. Have a pleasant stay.
    5. Thank you.

Key Vocabulary

Can I have your ticket?
smoking, non-smoking
window, aisle seat
baggage, suitcase, carry-on bag
boarding pass
flight
Can I see your passport?
tourist, business

 

Beginner Dialogues – Asking for Directions

Directions I

  1. Excuse me. Is there a bank near here?
    1. Yes. There’s a bank on the corner.
    2. Thank you.
    3. You’re welcome.

Directions II

  1. Excuse me. Is there a supermarket near here?
    1. Yes. There’s one near here.
    2. How do I get there?
    3. At the traffic lights, take the first left and go straight on. It’s on the left.
    4. Is it far?
    5. Not really.
    6. Thank you.
    7. Don’t mention it.

Key Vocabulary

Is there a _______ near here?
on the corner, on the left, on the right
straight on, straight ahead
traffic lights
Is it far?


Beginner Dialogues – In a Motel / Hotel

Getting a Room for the Night

  1. Good evening. Can I help you?
    1. Yes, please. I’d like a room for the night.
    2. Would you like a single room, or a double room?
    3. A single room, please. How much is the room?
    4. It’s $55 per night.
    5. Can I pay by credit card?
    6. Certainly. We take Visa, Master Card and American Express. Could you fill in this form, please?
    7. Do you need my passport number? No, just an address and your signature.
    8. (fills out the form) Here you are.
    9. Here’s your key. Your room number is 212.
    10. Thank you.
    11. Thank you. If you need anything, dial 0 for the reception area. Have a good stay!

Key Vocabulary

Can I help you
I’d like a room
single, double room
Can I pay by credit card?
fill in this form
passport number
room number
reception

 

Beginner Dialogues – At a Restaurant

Ordering a Meal

  1. Hi. How are you doing this afternoon?
    1. Fine, thank you. Can I see a menu, please?
    2. Certainly, here you are.
    3. Thank you. What’s today’s special?
    4. Grilled tuna and cheese on rye.
    5. That sounds good. I’ll have that.
    6. Would you like something to drink?
    7. Yes, I’d like a coke.
    8. Thank you. (returning with the food) Here you are. Enjoy your meal!
    9. Thank you.
    10. Can I get you anything else?
    11. No thanks. I’d like the check (bill – UK English), please.
    12. That’ll be $6.75.
    13. Here you are. Keep the change!
    14. Thank you! Have a good day!
    15. Bye.

Key Vocabulary

Can I see a menu?
here you are
Enjoy your meal!
Would you like …
Can I get you anything else?
I’d like the check (bill – UK English), please.
That’ll be $6.75.
Have a good day!

Ordering Food in a Restaurant

Ordering food in a restaurant is one of the most basic – and daunting to some beginners – task that beginners need to learn. This lesson uses some of the beginners materials you can find at esl.about.com including some basic dialogues and a challenging listening comprehension.

Aim: Ordering food in a restaurant using basic vocabulary

Activity: Simple dialogues and more a more challenging listening comprehension for passive understanding skills

Level: Beginner

Outline:

  • ·Ask students to name different types of food they can find in a restaurant. Write the vocabulary on the board and make sure students also take note.
  • ·Give students the dialogue and menu, and ask them to read through it carefully. Point out the use of “would like” for asking for and making request. You may also want to make sure they notice the use of “here you are” instead of “please” when handing someone something (a rather common mistake beginners make).
  • ·Pair students up and ask them to use the menu (or a more interesting menu you may have lying around) to role play through ordering a meal. Both students should switch roles a number of times.
  • ·If you have access to a computer in the classroom improve passive understanding by doing the listening comprehension which can be found at http://esl.about.com/library/listening/blrestorder.htm
  • ·Ask students which other types of formulas were used in the listening comprehension.

Ordering Food in a Restaurant

Read this dialogue

Waiter: Hello, Can I help you?
Kim: Yes, I’d like to have some lunch.
Waiter: Would you like a starter?
Kim: Yes, I’d like a bowl of chicken soup, please.
Waiter: And what would you like for a main course?
Kim: I’d like a grilled cheese sandwich.
Waiter: Would you like anything to drink?
Kim: Yes, I’d like a glass of Coke, please.
Waiter… After Kim has her lunch.: Can I bring you anything else?
Kim: No thank you. Just the bill.
Waiter: Certainly.
Kim:I don’t have my glasses. How much is the lunch?
Waiter: That’s $6.75.
Kim: Here you are. Thank you very much.
Waiter: You’re welcome. Have a good day.
Kim: Thank you, the same to you.

Use this menu to practice ordering food in a restaurant.

Starters

 

Chicken Soup

$2.50

Salad

$3.25

Sandwiches – Main Course

 

Ham and cheese

$3.50

Tuna

$3.00

Vegetarian

$4.00

Grilled Cheese

$2.50

Piece of Pizza

$2.50

Cheeseburger

$4.50

Hamburger deluxe

$5.00

Spaghetti

$5.50

Drinks

 

Coffee

$1.25

Tea

$1.25

Soft Drinks – Coke, Sprite, Root Beer, etc.

$1.75

 

 

3000 Most Commonly Used Words in the USA in Frequency Order

Words 1 to 100

  1. the
  2. of
  3. and
  4. a
  5. to
  6. in
  7. is
  8. you
  9. that
  10. it
  11. he
  12. for
  13. was
  14. on
  15. are
  16. as
  17. with
  18. his
  19. they
  20. at
  1. be
  2. this
  3. from
  4. I
  5. have
  6. or
  7. by
  8. one
  9. had
  10. not
  11. but
  12. what
  13. all
  14. were
  15. when
  16. we
  17. there
  18. can
  19. an
  20. your
  1. which
  2. their
  3. said
  4. if
  5. do
  6. will
  7. each
  8. about
  9. how
  10. up
  11. out
  12. them
  13. then
  14. she
  15. many
  16. some
  17. so
  18. these
  19. would
  20. other
  1. into
  2. has
  3. more
  4. her
  5. two
  6. like
  7. him
  8. see
  9. time
  10. could
  11. no
  12. make
  13. than
  14. first
  15. been
  16. its
  17. who
  18. now
  19. people
  20. my
  1. made
  2. over
  3. did
  4. down
  5. only
  6. way
  7. find
  8. use
  9. may
  10. water
  11. long
  12. little
  13. very
  14. after
  15. words
  16. called
  17. just
  18. where
  19. most
  20. know

3000 Most Commonly Used Words in the USA in Frequency Order

Words 100 to 200

  1. get
  2. through
  3. back
  4. much
  5. before
  6. go
  7. good
  8. new
  9. write
  10. our
  11. used
  12. me
  13. man
  14. too
  15. any
  16. day
  17. same
  18. right
  19. look
  20. think
  1. also
  2. around
  3. another
  4. came
  5. come
  6. work
  7. three
  8. word
  9. must
  10. because
  11. does
  12. part
  13. even
  14. place
  15. well
  16. such
  17. here
  18. take
  19. why
  20. things
  1. help
  2. put
  3. years
  4. different
  5. away
  6. again
  7. off
  8. went
  9. old
  10. number
  11. great
  12. tell
  13. men
  14. say
  15. small
  16. every
  17. found
  18. still
  19. between
  20. name
  1. should
  2. Mr.
  3. home
  4. big
  5. give
  6. air
  7. line
  8. set
  9. own
  10. under
  11. read
  12. last
  13. never
  14. us
  15. left
  16. end
  17. along
  18. while
  19. might
  20. next
  1. sound
  2. below
  3. saw
  4. something
  5. thought
  6. both
  7. few
  8. those
  9. always
  10. looked
  11. show
  12. large
  13. often
  14. together
  15. asked
  16. house
  17. don’t
  18. world
  19. going
  20. want

3000 Most Commonly Used Words in the USA in Frequency Order

Words 200 to 300

  1. school
  2. important
  3. until
  4. 1
  5. form
  6. food
  7. keep
  8. children
  9. feet
  10. land
  11. side
  12. without
  13. boy
  14. once
  15. animals
  16. life
  17. enough
  18. took
  19. sometimes
  20. four
  1. head
  2. above
  3. kind
  4. began
  5. almost
  6. live
  7. page
  8. got
  9. earth
  10. need
  11. far
  12. hand
  13. high
  14. year
  15. mother
  16. light
  17. parts
  18. country
  19. father
  20. let
  1. night
  2. following
  3. 2
  4. picture
  5. being
  6. study
  7. second
  8. eyes
  9. soon
  10. times
  11. story
  12. boys
  13. since
  14. white
  15. days
  16. ever
  17. paper
  18. hard
  19. near
  20. sentence
  1. better
  2. best
  3. across
  4. during
  5. today
  6. others
  7. however
  8. sure
  9. means
  10. knew
  11. it’s
  12. try
  13. told
  14. young
  15. miles
  16. sun
  17. ways
  18. thing
  19. whole
  20. hear
  1. example
  2. heard
  3. several
  4. change
  5. answer
  6. room
  7. sea
  8. against
  9. top
  10. turned
  11. 3
  12. learn
  13. point
  14. city
  15. play
  16. toward
  17. five
  18. using
  19. himself
  20. usually

 

 

3000 Most Commonly Used Words in the USA in Frequency Order

Words 300 to 400

  1. money
  2. seen
  3. didn’t
  4. car
  5. morning
  6. given
  7. trees
  8. I’m
  9. body
  10. upon
  11. family
  12. later
  13. turn
  14. move
  15. face
  16. door
  17. cut
  18. done
  19. group
  20. true
  1. half
  2. sentences
  3. red
  4. fish
  5. plants
  6. living
  7. wanted
  8. black
  9. eat
  10. short
  11. United States
  12. run
  13. kinds
  14. book
  15. gave
  16. order
  17. open
  18. ground
  19. lines
  20. cold
  1. really
  2. table
  3. remember
  4. tree
  5. 000
  6. course
  7. front
  8. known
  9. American
  10. space
  11. inside
  12. ago
  13. making
  14. Mrs.
  15. early
  16. I’ll
  17. learned
  18. brought
  19. close
  20. nothing
  1. though
  2. started
  3. idea
  4. call
  5. lived
  6. makes
  7. became
  8. looking
  9. add
  10. become
  11. grow
  12. draw
  13. yet
  14. hands
  15. less
  16. John
  17. wind
  18. places
  19. behind
  20. cannot
  1. letter
  2. among
  3. 4
  4. A
  5. letters
  6. comes
  7. able
  8. dog
  9. shown
  10. mean
  11. English
  12. rest
  13. perhaps
  14. certain
  15. six
  16. feel
  17. fire
  18. ready
  19. green
  20. yes

3000 Most Commonly Used Words in the USA in Frequency Order

Words 400 to 500

  1. built
  2. special
  3. ran
  4. full
  5. town
  6. complete
  7. oh
  8. person
  9. hot
  10. anything
  11. hold
  12. state
  13. list
  14. stood
  15. hundred
  16. shows
  17. ten
  18. fast
  19. seemed
  20. felt
  1. kept
  2. America
  3. notice
  4. can’t
  5. strong
  6. voice
  7. probably
  8. needed
  9. birds
  10. area
  11. horse
  12. Indians
  13. sounds
  14. matter
  15. stand
  16. box
  17. start
  18. that’s
  19. class
  20. piece
  1. slowly
  2. surface
  3. river
  4. numbers
  5. common
  6. stop
  7. am
  8. talk
  9. quickly
  10. whether
  11. fine
  12. 5
  13. round
  14. dark
  15. girls
  16. past
  17. ball
  18. girl
  19. tried
  20. road
  1. questions
  2. blue
  3. meaning
  4. coming
  5. instead
  6. either
  7. held
  8. friends
  9. already
  10. warm
  11. taken
  12. gone
  13. finally
  14. summer
  15. understand
  16. moon
  17. animal
  18. mind
  19. outside
  20. power
  1. says
  2. problem
  3. longer
  4. winter
  5. Indian
  6. deep
  7. mountains
  8. heavy
  9. carefully
  10. follow
  11. beautiful
  12. beginning
  13. moved
  14. everyone
  15. leave
  16. everything
  17. game
  18. system
  19. bring
  20. watch

 

 

 

 

 

 

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